Per peccatum cecidit diabolo faciente: On the causal/instrumental uses of “faciente + (pro)noun” in imperial and late Latin

  • Giovanbattista Galdi University of Ghent, Blandijnberg 2, 9000 Ghent (Belgium)

Аннотация

This present paper is concerned with the causal/instrumental uses of faciente + (pro)nominal head within an ablative absolute. We only examine the instances in which the participle does not govern a direct object and is not accompanied by further arguments and/or satellites, as in Jer. In psalm. 89 l. 28 qui per peccatum cecidit, diabolo faciente, rursum per Christum resurgat ad gloriam (“he who fell through sin under devil’s influence, shall soon be reborn to the Glory through Christ”). The analysis is restricted to the imperial and late period because the construction is not attested until Ovid (Met. 2, 540–541 lingua faciente loquaci / qui color albus erat, nunc est contrarius albo “through his tongue’s fault the talking bird, which was white, was now the opposite of white”, transl. Loeb). The discussion consists of four main sections. After a short survey of the main studies on the topic, we introduce the analysed corpora, the selection criteria of the data and the overall results. In section 5 we discuss some possible reasons behind the origin of the syntagm. Subsequently, the use and expansion of the syntagm in later centuries is analysed in the light of recent studies on the reanalysis of participles as prepositions. We show that faciente began a categorial shift into the class of causal/instrumental prepositions, but for reasons that shall be explained, this process remained unaccomplished. In the last section, we make a brief comparison with other absolute ablatives that include semantically related participles (operante, instigante, praestante), pointing out the main differences between them.

Ключевые слова:

Late Latin, Christian Latin, categorial reanalysis, transcategorization, grammaticalization, participles, deverbal prepositions, ablative absolute, semantic bleaching, facere

Скачивания

Данные скачивания пока недоступны.
 

Литература

Adams J. N. An anthology of informal Latin (200 BC — AD 900). Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Baños Baños J. M. Algunas consideraciones sobre los verbos soporte en latín: Sintaxis y semántica, in: E. Borrell Vidal, Ó de la Cruz Palma (eds). Omnia mutantur II. Canvi, transformació i pervivència en la cultura clàssica, en les seves llengües i en el seu llegat. Barcelona, Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona, 2016, 3–27.

Brinton L. J. “The ghosts of old morphology”: Lexicalization or (de)grammaticalization?, in: K. Davidse, T. Breban, L. Brems, T. Mortelmans (eds). Grammaticalization and Language Change. New reflections. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, John Benjamins, 2012, 135–166.

Flinck-Linkomies E. De ablativo absoluto quaestiones. Helsinki, Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, 1929.

Fruyt M. L’expression de la causativité en latin dans la perspective de l’évolution linguistique, in: A. Thibault, M. Duval, N. Lo Vecchio (eds). Le causatif: prospectives croisées. Strasbourg, Éditions de linguistique et de philologie, 2018, 9–43.

Galdi G. On the use of facio as support verb in late and Merovingian Latin. Journal of Latin Linguistics 2018, 17 (2), 231–257.

Galdi G. Late sparsa collegimus: the influence of sources on the language of Jordanes, in: E. Dickey, A. Chahoud (eds). Colloquial and Literary Latin. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2010, 357–375.

Heine B. On the role of context in grammaticalization, in: I. Wischer, G. Diewald (eds). New reflections on grammaticalization. Amsterdam, John Benjamins, 2002, 83–101.

Heraeus W. Die Sprache des Petronius und die Glossen. Leipzig, Teubner, 1899.

Heraeus W. Sprachliches aus den Pseudoacronischen Horazscholien. RhM 1903, 59, 462–467.

Herman J. Vulgar Latin. Penn State, University Press, 2000.

Hofmann J. B., Szantyr A. Lateinische Syntax und Stilistik. Teil 2. Bd. 2. München, C. H. Beck Verlag, 1972.

Horn F. H. Zur Geschichte der absoluten Partizipialkonstruktionen im Lateinischen. Lund, Gleerup, 1918.

Kortekas G. A. A. Commentary on the Historia Apollonii Regis Tyri. Leiden — Boston, Brill, 2007.

Kortmann B., König E. Categorial reanalysis: the case of deverbal prepositions. Linguistics 1992, 30, 671–697.

Kropp A. Magische Sprachverwendung in vulgärlateinischen Fluchtafeln (defixiones). Tübingen, Narr, 2008.

Lehmann Ch. Complex spatial prepositions from Latin to Castilian, paper presented at the 49th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea (31/08–03/09/2016, Naples), in print.

Löfstedt E. Philologischer Kommentar zur Peregrinatio Aetheriae. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der lateinischen Sprache. Uppsala, Arbeten utgifna med Understöd af Vilhelm Ekmans Universitetsfond, 1911.

Panayotakis S. The Story of Apollonius, King of Tyre. A Commentary. Berlin — Boston, de Gruyter, 2012.

Rovai F. Da participi presenti a preposizioni deverbali: le basi semantiche della transcategorizzazione, in: P. Molinelli, P. Cuzzolin, Ch. Fedriani (eds). Latin Vulgaire Latin Tardif X. Actes du Xe colloque international sur le latin vulgaire et tardif (Bergamo, 5–9 septembre 2012). Bergamo, Sestante edizioni, 2014, 483–496.

Rovai F. The development of deverbal prepositions in Latin: morpho-syntactic and semantico-pragmatic factors. Archivio Glottologico Italiano 2013, 98 (2), 175–213.

Sasse H.-J. Scales between nouniness and verbiness, in: M. Haspelmath, E. König, W. Oesterreicher, W. Raible (eds). Language Typology and Language Universals. Berlin-New York, de Gruyter, 2001, 495–509.

Tjäder J.-O. Die nichtliterarischen lateinischen Papyri Italiens aus der Zeit 445–700. Band II: Papyri 29–59. Stockholm, Paul Åströms, 1982.

Опубликован
2019-06-25
Как цитировать
Galdi, G. (2019). Per peccatum cecidit diabolo faciente: On the causal/instrumental uses of “faciente + (pro)noun” in imperial and late Latin. Philologia Classica, 14(1), 89-106. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu20.2019.107
Раздел
Latinitas media et nova