WHY “RIVER” IS MORE ANIMATE THAN “CANCER”: EXPLAINING SOME UNUSUAL CASES OF ANIMACY IN LATIN

The article deals with some peripheral phenomena concerning category of animacy, i. e. nouns without strict correlation between biological and grammatical animacy. Using the PHI-5 electronic data base, the author analyses different groups of such nouns in Latin, comparing them with relevant groups in Russian and some other languages, the results being presented in 5 tables. The general conclusions to be drawn from this study are: animacy in Latin is dynamic and gradual category, its periphery is wider than in Russian, some non-standard phenomena can be explained as a result of a competition between different parameters, i. e. grammar, semantics and logics.

zheltova-e-v-_why-river-is-more-animate-than-cancer-explaining-some-unusual-cases-of-animacy-in-latin