Th e article touches upon appropriateness of the simile “Dido — Diana” (Verg. Aen. I, 498–504) that refl ects a passage where Nausicaa is likened to Artemis (Hom. Od. VI, 102–109). Th e author studies history of the question and places high emphasis on Probus’ criticism, compares the passages from “Aeneis” and “Odyssey”, adduces a lot of parallels between Dido and Diana and comes to the conclusion that Vergil made the simile suitable and appropriate for the context.