RECEPTION OF CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY IN GOGOL’S WORK: FROM TRAVESTY TO TRAGEDY

Th e article deals with diverse connections of Gogol’s works with classical culture. Antique elements in his works performed diff erent functions: on the one hand — the construction of scenes and images to the famous archetypal first principles makes it possible to reveal their deep, implicit sense at first glance, gives the narrative a universal character. Outside the antique connotations it is impossible to understand the “Staroswetskiye pomeshchiki” as well as the collection “Myrgorod” as a whole, and the story “The Overcoat”. On the other hand — they give the opportunity to Gogol, combining travesty and the tragic, to build global and historic-cultural schemes, clarifying the complex relations between Russian Culture and the European Renaissance, and the opportunities and prospects for the future path of Russia.

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