In this paper the comparison by Tertullian of martyrdom in the Christianity with human sacrifi ce in pagan cults is considered and a fact is proved, that the Tertullian’s perception of cruel God has been formed without influence of African traditions of the Saturn’s cult, reference to which may be a rhetorical example. The structure of the passage Tert. Scorp. 7, 1–7, apologist’s views on the Saturn’s cult and martyrdom and the interpretation by Hippolytus of Biblical verse (Prov. 9:20), to which Tertullian refers, are considered as arguments of Tertullian’s independence from heathenism.